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Stroke. 2003 Nov;34(11):2687-91. Epub 2003 Oct 23.

Stroke unit care combined with early supported discharge: long-term follow-up of a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Neuroscience and Motion, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. hild.fjartoft@medisin.ntnu.no

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Early supported discharge from a stroke unit reduces the length of hospital stay. Evidence of a benefit for the patients is still unknown. The aim of this trial was to evaluate the long-term effects of an extended stroke unit service (ESUS), characterized by early supported discharge. The short-term effects were published previously.

METHODS:

We performed a randomized controlled trial in which 320 acute stroke patients were allocated to either ordinary stroke unit service (OSUS) (160 patients) or stroke unit care with early supported discharge (160 patients). The ESUS consists of a mobile team that coordinates early supported discharge and further rehabilitation. Primary outcome was the proportion of patients who were independent as assessed by modified Rankin Scale (RS) (RS < or =2=global independence). Secondary outcomes measured at 52 weeks were performance on the Barthel Index (BI) (BI > or =95=independent in activities of daily living), differences in final residence, and analyses to identify patients who benefited most from an early supported discharge service. All assessments were blinded.

RESULTS:

We found that 56.3% of the patients in the ESUS versus 45.0% in the OSUS were independent (RS < or =2) (P=0.045). The number needed to treat to achieve 1 independent patient in ESUS versus OSUS was 9. The odds ratio for independence was 1.56 (95% CI, 1.01 to 2.44). There were no significant differences in BI score and final residence. Patients with moderate to severe stroke benefited most from the ESUS.

CONCLUSIONS:

Stroke service based on treatment in a stroke unit combined with early supported discharge appears to improve the long-term clinical outcome compared with ordinary stroke unit care. Patients with moderate to severe stroke benefit most.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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