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Vaccine. 2003 Nov 7;21(31):4519-26.

Non-clinical and phase I clinical trials of a Vero cell-derived inactivated Japanese encephalitis vaccine.

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The Chemo-Sero-Therapeutic Research Institute, Kikuchi Research Center, Kawabe Kyokushi, Kikuchi, Kumamoto 869-1298, Japan.


The safety and effectiveness of a Vero cell-derived inactivated Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine were compared with those of a current JE vaccine in non-clinical studies and a phase I clinical trial. The single-dose toxicity study showed no toxicity of either the current JE vaccine or the investigational Vero cell-derived JE vaccine. In a local irritation study, the degree of irritation caused by both vaccines was determined to be the same as that induced by normal saline. To investigate genotoxicity, a chromosomal aberration test was conducted and the results were negative. Both JE vaccines were administered to a group of 30 subjects who were seronegative (neutralizing antibody titer <10(1)) for JEV virus (Beijing-1 Strain). Each subject was subcutaneously inoculated twice at an interval of 1-4 weeks, followed by an additional booster inoculation 4-8 weeks later, and clinical reactions and serological responses were subsequently investigated. Adverse drug reactions of local reaction, headache and malaise were mild, occurring at a rate of 6.7 and 20.0% after administration of the Vero cell-derived JE vaccine and the current JE vaccine, respectively. The seroconversion rate after three doses of both JE vaccines was 100%, while the geometric mean titer for the Vero cell-derived and current JE vaccines was 10(2.35) and 10(2.03), respectively. These results suggest that the safety and effectiveness of the Vero cell-derived inactivated JE vaccine are equal to those of the currently available conventional vaccine in humans, and that the Vero cell-derived vaccine could be a useful second-generation JE vaccine.

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