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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Nov 7;311(1):77-82.

Identification of a SNARE protein required for vacuolar protein transport in Schizosaccharomyces pombe.

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Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagawa University, Japan.


Intracellular vesicle trafficking is mediated by a set of SNARE proteins in eukaryotic cells. Several SNARE proteins are required for vacuolar protein transport and vacuolar biogenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A search of the Schizosaccharomyces pombe genome database revealed a total of 17 SNARE-related genes. Although no homologs of Vam3p, Nyv1p, and Vam7p have been found in S. pombe, we identified one SNARE-like protein that is homologous to S. cerevisiae Pep12p. However, the disruptants transport vacuolar hydrolase CPY (SpCPY) to the vacuole normally, suggesting that the Pep12 homolog is not required for vacuolar protein transport in S. pombe cells. To identify the SNARE protein(s) involved in Golgi-to-vacuole protein transport, we have deleted four SNARE homolog genes in S. pombe. SpCPY was significantly missorted to the cell surface on deletion of one of the SNARE proteins, Fsv1p (SPAC6F12.03c), with no apparent S. cerevisiae ortholog. In addition, sporulation, endocytosis, and in vivo vacuolar fusion appear to be normal in fsv1Delta cells. These results showed that Fsv1p is mainly involved in vesicle-mediated protein transport between the Golgi and vacuole in S. pombe cells.

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