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Indian J Med Res. 2003 Mar;117:119-21.

Septicaemic melioidosis in a tertiary care hospital in south India.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES:

Melioidosis and the causative organism Burkholderia pseudomallei are being recognized gradually in various centres in India. In the septicaemic form, melioidosis is a serious and life threatening condition which requires early detection and specific treatment to avoid case fatality. A review of patients with septicaemic melioidosis at a tertiary care hospital in south India was carried out with a view to define the clinical features, predisposing conditions, if any, and the outcome.

METHODS:

A total of 28 patients with culture proven septicaemic melioidosis during December 1993 to December 2002 were included. Information on clinical details and outcome was obtained and antibiotic susceptibility of the isolates studied.

RESULTS:

Of the 28 patients of blood culture proven septicaemic melioidosis, the organism was also isolated from pus in two patients. The presenting clinical features were varied, most presenting as pyrexia of unknown origin or visceral abscesses, or septic arthiritis. Associated/predisposing conditions were present in 50 per cent of the patients, and diabetes mellitus was the commonest one. mortality was 58 per cent in our series.

INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSION:

Melioidosis is an emerging infection in India. The magnitude of the problem can only be assessed by increasing awareness, both of its existence in the clinical setting and its identification in the laboratory.

PMID:
14575177
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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