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Cytokine. 2003 Nov 21;24(4):143-9.

Balance of tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-10 in a buccal infection in a streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat model.

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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-2 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0017, Japan.


This study evaluates the local levels of proinflammatory cytokine, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-10 (IL-10), in an experimental buccal abscess of a diabetic rat model. We prepared a buccal cavity induced by injection of carrageenin in a diabetic rat (blood glucose, 460.6 +/- 54.7 mg/dl, mean +/- SE) induced by streptozotocin (STZ). The buccal abscess was formed by the direct inoculation of Streptococcus pyogenes S-8 (2 x 10(7) cfu) into the buccal cavity at day 5 after carrageenin injection. Cytokine levels in the exudate of the buccal abscess were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for 48 h after infection. Bacterial counts, weighing of exudate, and histological analysis were also performed. The mean TNF-alpha levels in the buccal abscess exudate of the diabetic group, which were generally higher than those of the control group, tended to increase over time until 48 h after infection, while the TNF-alpha levels in the control group peaked at 24 h after infection and then decreased. The IL-10 levels in the diabetic group remained almost unchanged until 48 h after infection, while the IL-10 levels in the control group were significantly higher than in the diabetic group at 12-24 h after infection. The mean ratio of TNF-alpha to IL-10 levels was 1.17-1.67 in the diabetic group, which was higher than the 0.26-0.69 of the control group. The bacterial counts in the buccal abscess and the weight of exudate were significantly higher in the diabetic group compared to the control group at 36-48 h. Histological findings showed that inflammatory cell infiltration was remarkable in the diabetic group compared to that of the control group. These results suggest that the elevated proinflammatory TNF-alpha levels and decreased anti-inflammatory IL-10 levels, which are produced at local infection sites, may at least in part be related to the severity of inflammation in this rat model with diabetes induced by STZ.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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