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Biol Proced Online. 2003;5:136-142. Epub 2003 Jun 15.

Application of 4,5-diaminofluorescein to reliably measure nitric oxide released from endothelial cells in vitro.

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1
Department of Pharmacy, Center of Drug Research, University of Munich. Butenandtstr. 5-13, D-81377 Munich. Germany.

Abstract

Here we describe in more depth the previously published application of the fluorescent probe 4,5-diaminofluorescein (DAF-2) in order to reliably measure low levels of nitric oxide (NO) as released from human endothelial cells in vitro. The used approach is based on the following considerations a) use low concentrations of DAF-2 (0.1 micro M) in order to reduce the contribution of DAF-2 auto-fluorescence to the measured total fluorescence, and b) subtract the DAF-2 auto-fluorescence from the measured total fluorescence. The advantage of this method is the reliable quantification of NO in a biological system in the nanomolar range once thoroughly validated. Here we focus in addition to the previous publication (Leikert et al., FEBS Lett 2001, 506:131-134) on aspects of validation procedures as well as limitations and pitfalls of this method.

PMID:
14569611
PMCID:
PMC162170
DOI:
10.1251/bpo55
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