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Can J Microbiol. 2003 Jun;49(6):399-405.

A calcium-dependent bacterial surface protein is involved in the attachment of rhizobia to peanut roots.

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Departamento de Biología Molecular, Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto, Río Cuarto (Córdoba), Argentina.

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  • Can J Microbiol. 2003 Sep;49(9):576.


As part of a project to characterize molecules involved in the crack-entry infection process leading to nodule development, a microscopic assay was used to visualize the attachment of cells of Bradyrhizobium sp. strains SEMIA 6144 and TAL 1000 (labelled by introducing a plasmid expressing constitutively the green fluorescent protein GFP-S65T) to Arachis hypogaea L. (peanut). Qualitative and quantitative results revealed that attachment was strongly dependent on the growth phase of the bacteria. Optimal attachment occurred when bacteria were at the late log or early stationary phase. Cell surface proteins from the Bradyrhizobium sp. strains inhibited the attachment when supplied prior to the attachment assay. Root incubation with a 14-kDa protein (eluted from sodium dodecyl sulphate - gel electrophoresis of the cell surface fraction) prior to the attachment assay resulted in a strong decrease of attachment. The adhesin appeared to be a calcium-binding protein, since cells treated with EDTA were found to be able to bind to adhesin-treated peanut roots. Since this protein has properties identical to those reported for rhicadhesin, we propose that this adhesin is also involved in the attachment process of rhizobia to root legumes that are infected by the crack-entry process.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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