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J Am Soc Nephrol. 2003 Nov;14(11):2851-60.

Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis: comparison of adjusted mortality rates according to the duration of dialysis: analysis of The Netherlands Cooperative Study on the Adequacy of Dialysis 2.

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1
Departments of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Nephrology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. FTermorshuizen@cs.com

Abstract

Various studies indicate that fair comparisons of mortality rates between hemodialysis (HD) patients and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are difficult because of differences in patient characteristics, because of nonconstant relative risks of death (RR), and because the survival times of patients who switch treatment modalities can be censored in different ways. The differences in mortality rates between HD and PD patients were investigated in an analysis in which these potential sources of bias were taken into account. The Netherlands Cooperative Study on the Adequacy of Dialysis is a multicenter, prospective, observational, cohort study in which new patients with ESRD are monitored until transplantation or death. A multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the mortality data according to treatment modality (HD, n = 742; PD, n = 480). No statistically significant differences in adjusted mortality rates between HD and PD patients were observed during the first 2 yr of dialysis. In the years thereafter, increases in mortality rates for PD patients and resulting decreases in RR in favor of HD were observed (e.g., months 24 to 36, adjusted RR, 0.53; 95% confidence interval, 0.31 to 0.91). This tendency was observed especially among patients >/=60 yr of age and was not influenced by the censoring strategy. These results suggest that long-term use of PD, especially among elderly patients, is associated with increases in mortality rates. Further analyses are required to determine the potential role of dialysis adequacy in the observed long-term differences in mortality rates between HD and PD patients and to establish the possible survival benefits for PD patients who switch to HD in time.

PMID:
14569095
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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