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Dig Liver Dis. 2003 Aug;35(8):571-6.

Novel association of HLA-haplotypes with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) in a southern European population.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Nephrology and Health Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.

Abstract

AIMS:

In patients with with primary sclerosing cholangitis we investigated the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes and mutations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene.

METHODS:

In 64 PSC patients and 183 normal controls of the same population (Northern Italy), allelic polymorphisms at the DNA level were investigated in MHC region genes: HLA-DRB1, HLA-DQB1 and HLA-B, tumour necrosis factor A (TNFA), and in CFTR gene, with polymerase chain reaction-based methodologies.

RESULTS:

Frequencies of DRB1*01, DQA1*0101, DQB1*0102 (14 vs. 8%, p<0.05), DRB1*16, DQA1*0102, DQB1*0502 (8 vs. 3%, p<0.025) and DRB1*04, DQA1*03, DQB1*0301 (10 vs. 4%, p<0.005) haplotypes were more elevated in PSC patients. The frequency of patients positive for HLA DRB1*01, *1601 or *04 related haplotypes was significantly increased (32 vs. 14%, p<0.00025). DRB1*07, DQA1*0201, DQB1*02 haplotype frequency was significantly decreased (4 vs. 15%, p<0.001). After removing HLA-DRB1*01, *1601, *04 related haplotype sharing patients, HLA-DRB1*03, DQA1*0501, DQB1*02 haplotype frequency was significantly increased (32 vs. 14%, p<0.01). TNFA2 allele frequency was significantly increased in PSC patients (23 vs. 14%, p<0.025), as well as the TNFA2 homozygous genotype (9 vs. 0.5%, p=0.0013). No mutations were found on the CFTR gene and the allelic frequency of the 5T polymorphism in intron 8 was not increased.

CONCLUSION:

These data suggest that the role of genes in the HLA region is relevant, but not necessarily disease-specific and it might be different in populations with divergent ancestries.

PMID:
14567462
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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