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Aktuelle Urol. 2003 Jul;34(4):247-9.

The role of chromosome 8p22 deletion for predicting disease progression and pathological staging in prostate cancer.

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1
Department of Urology, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, Ube, Yamaguchi, Japan.

Abstract

The natural course of human prostate cancer is highly variable, and we still lack reliable tools to predict the patient's outcome. Recent publications suggest that the deletion of chromosome 8p22 has an important role for tumor progression in prostate cancer. Totally, 97 patients (41 Japanese and 56 Swedish) were studied to detect the status of chromosome 8p22 deletion by the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique. Seventy-seven underwent surgery (59 radical prostatectomies or 18 lymph node dissections), and the specimens were prepared by touch biopsy. Fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB) were obtained from another non-operative 20 cases. Disease progression was evaluated in 57 patients with a median follow-up of 59 months. 8p22 deletions were detected in 58 (60 %) of all cases. The frequency of 8p22 deletion did not significantly differ between different preparations of specimens (touch biopsy vs. FNAB) as well as between different races (Japanese vs. Swedish). Cases with more than pT3 tumors had a significantly higher frequency of 8p22 deletion than those with pT2 (p < 0.01). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that 8p22 deletion was the strongest parameter to predict disease progression (hazard ratio = 5.75; p = 0.0001). Studies on chromosomal deletions of 8p22 by the FISH technique may serve as a universal genetic marker to optimize the treatment strategy in patients with prostate cancer.

PMID:
14566675
DOI:
10.1055/s-2003-41607
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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