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Am J Vet Res. 1992 Oct;53(10):1850-8.

Hemodynamic and respiratory responses to variable arterial partial pressure of oxygen in halothane-anesthetized horses during spontaneous and controlled ventilation.

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Department of Surgery, School of Veterinary Medicine University of California, Davis 95616.


Cardiovascular and respiratory responses to variable PaO2 were measured in 6 horses anesthetized only with halothane during spontaneous (SV) and controlled (CV) ventilation. The minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) for halothane in oxygen was determined in each spontaneously breathing horse prior to establishing PaO2 study conditions--mean +/- SEM, 0.95 +/- 0.03 vol%. The PaO2 conditions of > 250, 120, 80, and 50 mm of Hg were studied in each horse anesthetized at 1.2 MAC of halothane and positioned in left lateral recumbency. In response to a decrease in PaO2, total peripheral resistance and systolic and diastolic arterial blood pressure decreased (P < 0.05) during SV. Cardiac output tended to increase because heart rate increased (P < 0.05) during these same conditions. During CV, cardiovascular function was usually less than it was at comparable PaO2 during SV (P < 0.05). Heart rate, cardiac output, and left ventricular work increased (P < 0.05) in response to a decrease in PaO2, whereas total peripheral resistance decreased (P < 0.05). During SV, cardiac output and stroke volume increased and arterial blood pressure and total peripheral resistance decreased with duration of anesthesia at PaO2 > 250 mm of Hg. During SV, minute expired volume increased (P < 0.05) because respiratory frequency tended to increase as PaO2 decreased. Decrease in PaCO2 (P < 0.05) also accompanied these respiratory changes. Although oxygen utilization was nearly constant over all treatment periods, oxygen delivery decreased (P < 0.05) with decrease in PaO2, and was less (P < 0.05) during CV, compared with SV, for comparable PaO2 values.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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