Send to

Choose Destination
Am Heart J. 2003 Oct;146(4):729-35.

Combination of B-type natriuretic peptide and peak oxygen consumption improves risk stratification in outpatients with chronic heart failure.

Author information

Service de Cardiologie, Institut Fédératif de Recherche 14 Heart, vessels, muscle UPRES EA 2390, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, AP-HP, Paris, France.



Peak oxygen consumption is a cornerstone for prognostic determination in patients with congestive heart failure. The purpose of this study was to assess whether plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) provided any additional prognostic information.


Plasma concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide, N terminal pro-atrial natriuretic peptide, BNP, endothelin-1, norepinephrine, and peak VO2 were measured in 250 consecutive outpatients with mild to moderate heart failure (96% in New York Heart Association [NYHA] class II or III) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <45%.


During a median follow-up of 584 days, 42 patients died (19 from sudden death) and 5 underwent urgent heart transplantation. Multivariate stepwise regression analysis showed that, among 13 variables including NYHA and LVEF, plasma BNP (chi2 = 11.9, P =.0001) was the strongest independent predictor of death or urgent transplantation, followed by serum sodium (chi2 = 8, P =.0046), resting heart rate (chi2 = 7.5, P =.0062), plasma endothelin-1 (chi2 = 7.2, P =.007), and peak VO2 (chi2 = 6.2, P =.012). Patients with plasma BNP above the upper quartile value (260 pg/mL) had a 1-year rate of death or urgent transplantation of 31%. The 1- and 2-year survival rates without urgent transplantation in patients with a peak VO2 < or =14 mL x kg(-1) x min(-1) were 71% and 59%, respectively, when plasma BNP was >137 pg/mL (median value), compared with 100% and 89%, respectively, when plasma BNP was < or =137 pg/mL (P =.008). Furthermore, plasma BNP was the only independent predictor of sudden death (chi2 = 19.9, P =.00001).


Plasma BNP provides additive independent prognostic information compared to peak VO2 alone in outpatients with mild to moderate heart failure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center