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Anal Biochem. 1992 Oct;206(1):125-30.

Spectrofluorometric estimation of intermediates of chlorophyll biosynthesis: protoporphyrin IX, Mg-protoporphyrin, and protochlorophyllide.

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School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.


A highly sensitive spectrofluorometric method for quantitative estimation of certain precursors of chlorophyll biosynthesis from the mixtures of plant tetrapyrroles having overlapping fluorescence emission spectra is developed. At room temperature (293 degrees K) protoporphyrin IX is monitored from its emission maximum, 633 nm, when excited at 400 nm (E400/F633). Protochlorophyllide is estimated at 638 nm, while being excited at 440 nm (E440/F638). Mg-protoporphyrin+Mg-protoporphyrin monoester pool has emission around 589-592 nm. Therefore the integration value of the emission band that extends from 580 to 610 nm is taken to calibrate its concentration. This spectrofluorometric method designed for the determination of protoporphyrin IX, esterified and nonesterified Mg-protoporphyrin pool, and protochlorophyllide is far superior to available spectrophotometric methods and estimates as low as 1 nM concentration of plant pigments. As minute quantities of individual pigments can be quantitatively analyzed from their mixtures, this method eliminates analytical uncertainties due to recovery losses caused by chromatography. However, only dilute samples can be estimated by this spectrofluorometric method as the quantitative relation between fluorescence and concentration deviates from linearity at high, i.e., above 150 nM, concentrations of pigment to be quantified.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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