Send to

Choose Destination
Fetal Diagn Ther. 2003 Nov-Dec;18(6):404-7.

Maternal hypertensive disorders are an independent risk factor for the development of necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants.

Author information

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.



The purpose of this study was to compare complications and outcome of preterm neonates weighing < or =1,500 g who developed necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) to neonates without NEC.


During January, 1995 to December, 1998, 211 live preterm neonates were born with birth weight < or =1,500 g. A cross sectional prospective study was designed and two groups were defined: 17 neonates who developed NEC and 194 without NEC. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to determine independent risk factors for the development of NEC.


The prevalence of NEC was 8% (17/211). The following complications were found to be significantly higher among mothers of neonates with NEC: mild pre-eclampsia (11.8 vs. 2.6%, p=0.04); severe pre-eclampsia (35.5 vs. 12.9%, p=0.01); chronic hypertension (29.4 vs. 5.7%, p<0.001) and low birth weight (968 +/- 233 vs. 1,123 +/- 257 g, p=0.02). In contrast, mean maternal age, mean gestational age at delivery and parity were not significantly different between the groups. A multivariate analysis including the following factors: maternal hypertensive disorders, pregestational diabetes mellitus, birth weight and gestational age at delivery, found only maternal hypertensive disorders to be independent risk factors for NEC (OR=5.21, 95% CI 1.64-16.58).


Maternal hypertension is an independent risk factor for the development of NEC in preterm neonates weighing <1,500 g. Thus, maternal vascular disorders may play an important role in the pathophysiology of NEC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for S. Karger AG, Basel, Switzerland
Loading ...
Support Center