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Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1992 Oct;102(4):342-50.

Superior repositioning of the maxilla combined with mandibular advancement: mandibular RIF improves stability.

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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of North Carolina School of Dentistry, Chapel Hill.


Postsurgical changes in 24 patients who had rigid internal fixation (RIF) of the mandible with screws after combined superior repositioning of the maxilla and mandibular advancement were compared with 53 patients who underwent the same surgery but who had intraosseous wire fixation, skeletal suspension wires, and 8 weeks of maxillomandibular fixation (MMF). During the first 8 weeks after surgery, the mean posterior relapse of the mandible was greater in the MMF group than in the RIF group (for example, -1.1 mm versus 0.15 mm at B point), and the percentage of patients with clinically significant vertical and horizontal changes was greater in the MMF group. By 1 year, there had been slight additional mean relapse in the MMF group (-1.5 mm net relapse at B point, with 42% of the patients showing 2 mm or more relapse). In the RIF group, the mandible was more likely to be repositioned forward than posteriorly (net mean change at B point, 0.7 mm forward; 33% had 2 mm or more forward movement). In the RIF group, all but one of the patients (96%) were judged to have an excellent clinical result; in the MMF group, the corresponding figure was 60%.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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