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Oncogene. 2003 Oct 16;22(46):7146-54.

Role of the RNA-binding protein HuR in colon carcinogenesis.

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Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology, National Institute of Health, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.


Immunohistochemical analysis of paired tumor and normal tissue specimens revealed that the expression and cytoplasmic abundance of the RNA-binding protein HuR increased with malignancy, particularly in colon carcinomas. Interventions to modulate HuR expression in human RKO colon cancer cells altered gene expression profiles and identified beta-catenin mRNA as a novel HuR target. Subcutaneous injection of HuR-overexpressing RKO cells into nude mice produced significantly larger tumors than those arising from control populations; conversely, RKO cells expressing reduced HuR through small interference RNA- or antisense HuR-based approaches developed significantly more slowly. We propose that HuR-regulated target mRNA expression contributes to colon cancer growth. Our results suggest a pivotal function for HuR in colon carcinogenesis.

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