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Neuromuscul Disord. 2003 Nov;13(9):720-8.

Identification of novel GDAP1 mutations causing autosomal recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.

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Molecular Genetics Department, Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), University of Antwerp (UIA), Universiteitsplein 1, B-2610, Antwerp, Belgium.


Mutations in the ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 gene cause either autosomal recessive demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4A or autosomal recessive axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with vocal cord paresis. We sequenced the ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 gene in 138 patients from 119 unrelated families diagnosed with either demyelinating or axonal autosomal recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. We detected six distinct mutant alleles in four families, four of which are novel. Electrophysiological studies show severely slowed motor nerve conduction velocities with severely reduced compound muscle action potentials. However, one patient had a normal conduction velocity in the ulnar nerve. Based on the electrophysiological tests, patients with ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 mutations will therefore be classified as either axonal or demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. The neuropathological aspect shows a divergent pattern; nerve biopsies taken from two siblings at the same age and sharing the same ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 gene mutation showed a dissimilar severity stage.

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