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Chemosphere. 2004 Jan;54(2):209-15.

Influence of plants on the methane emission from sediments.

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Institute of Chemical Kinetics and Combustion, ul. Institutskaya 3, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.


The previous theory [Chem. Global Change Sci. 3 (2001) 33; Chemosphere 50 (2003) 191] of methane emission is applied to vegetated sediments. The presence of roots in a sediment is taken into account. It is assumed that methane and nitrogen enter a sediment through channels existing in plants and roots. The rate of methane and nitrogen transport through plants and roots is proportional to the difference in concentrations in the layer and on the upper surface. It is established that as the vegetation density increases, the rate of methane transport increases so that with sufficient vegetation density, almost all methane passes to the atmosphere through plants. In this case, the value of bubble emission decreases to zero. The nitrogen transport rate through plants first increases and then decreases with increasing the vegetation density. The theory qualitatively and quantitatively describes the dependence of methane concentration on depth in the presence of plants. A comparison with the available experimental data on dissolved methane concentration and bubble composition indicates satisfactory agreement.

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