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Chemosphere. 2004 Jan;54(2):143-66.

A new model of tropospheric hydroxyl radical concentrations.

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  • 1Department of Physics, Portland State University, SB2 Room 246, P.O. Box 751, 1719 SW 10th Avenue, Portland, OR 97207-0751, USA.


A chemistry model of the global troposphere is presented which focuses on the hydroxyl radical, OH. Global distributions of OH are calculated based on known chemical reaction pathways, experimentally measured values of precursor species O3, H2O, NOx (defined as NO+NO2), CO, CH4, and actinic flux (which includes the effects of cloud cover and O3 column absorption). Model grid resolution is 1 km in altitude by 10 degrees latitude, and zonally divided into land or ocean. Species are calculated as seasonal averages. Global annual mean OH in the troposphere (up to 14 km altitude) is calculated to be 9.2 x 10(5) molcm(-3) with averages of 9.8 x 10(5) in the northern hemisphere, and 8.5 x 10(5) in the southern hemisphere. Global CO and CH(4) oxidation rates by OH are calculated to be 1840 Tgyear(-1) and 580 Tgyear(-1), respectively. OH is found to be most sensitive to O3 and H2O concentrations, as well as to the photolysis rate of O3 to O1D. Sensitivity of CO and CH4 oxidation rates to cloud presence shows an inverse relationship to cloud amount and optical depth. Model results are shown to be consistent with results from two other published models.

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