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NMR Biomed. 2003 Jun;16(4):224-36.

Two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy of urinary glycosaminoglycans from patients with different mucopolysaccharidoses.

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Division of Metabolism and Molecular Pediatrics, University Children's Hospital, CH-8032 Zürich, Switzerland.


Patients with different types of mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) lack specific lysosomal enzymes, which leads to tissue accumulation and urinary excretion of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Since little is known about the molecular composition of the excreted GAG fragments, we used two-dimensional [1H,13C]-correlation nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy for a detailed analysis of the urinary GAGs of patients with MPS types I, II, IIIA, IVA and VI. The method revealed that the molecular structures of the excreted GAGs, i.e. heparan sulfate (HS), dermatan sulfate (DS), chondroitin sulfate (CS), and keratan sulfate (KS) are clearly distinct for the different MPS types. The chain terminal residues that are the normal substrates for the defective enzymes constitute characteristic sets of signals for each MPS type. The GAG chains show variations in carbohydrate composition and sulfation patterns that can be related to the different MPS types and clinical features. For example, two patients with MPS IIIA (M. Sanfilippo) with signs of CNS degeneration but only mild somatic features excrete a highly sulfated variant of HS, resembling HS in porcine brain, whereas a patient with MPS I (M. Scheie) and two patients with MPS II (M. Hunter), who present primarily with coarse facial features, joint contractures and skeletal deformities excrete a different type of HS with lower sulfation. In another case study, a patient with MPS IVA (M. Morquio), who presented mainly with skeletal dysplasia, excreted not only excessive amounts of KS but also a highly sulfated CS variant, resembling CS in articular cartilage. The high-resolution NMR analysis of urinary GAGs presented here for the first time provides a solid basis for future studies with a larger number of patients to further explore pathogenesis and course of the MPS diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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