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Trends Plant Sci. 2003 Oct;8(10):498-504.

Mechanotransduction in gravisensing cells.

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Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France.


Plant organs can re-orientate themselves with respect to gravity. Gravisensing cells (statocytes) contain movable amyloplasts whose potential energy is apparently used to activate calcium channels by exerting tension on the actin network and/or pressure on the cytoskeleton elements lining the plasma membrane. The chain of events that follows remains to be further analysed but includes transient pH changes in the cytosol and sustained pH changes in the cell wall. Transduction ends with relocation of the auxin efflux carriers responsible for the lateral transport of auxin, which reorients the root tip in the direction of gravity. Many questions remain to be solved but recent studies now herald a better understanding of the molecular events involved in gravisensing.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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