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Vision Res. 1992 Jul;32(7):1193-8.

Interneuronal interaction between members of quadrature phase and anti-phase pairs in the cat's visual cortex.

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  • 1Division of Applied Sciences, Graduate School of Sciences and Arts, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138.


Interactions between adjacent simple cells recorded simultaneously from the same microelectrode placement were studied by correlational analysis. The receptive fields of pairs of such cells exhibit either 90 degrees (quadrature phase) or 180 degrees (anti-phase) phase relationships. We now show that the majority of quadrature phase pair members do not receive common input from the immediately precedent stage along the visual pathway, nor do these cells interact with each other. The anti-phase pairs show relatively strong mutual inhibition. These results suggest that each of the physically adjacent phase-related simple cells receives excitatory input from a distinct group of pre-cortical cells, and that mutual inhibitions between members of anti-phase pairs are used to construct the inhibitory subzones of these cells. We propose a model which incorporates these new results and provides a parsimonious explanation for the construction of both quadrature phase and anti-phase pairs.

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