Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Appl Physiol (1985). 2003 Nov;95(5):2089-98.

Age-related changes in the mitotic and metabolic characteristics of muscle-derived cells.

Author information

1
Laboratoire de Physiologie, Groupe Physiologie et Physiopathologie de l'Exercice et du Handicap-Groupement d'Intérêt Public Exercice Sport Santé, Faculté de Médecine, 42023 Saint-Etienne, France.

Abstract

Age-related sarcopenia could partly result from cumulative repeated episodes of incomplete repair and regeneration. We hypothesized that mitotic and metabolic events associated with satellite cell activation and proliferation could be altered with aging. Muscle-derived cells (mdc) were isolated from gastrocnemius and quadriceps muscles of young (3 wk old), adult (9 mo old), and old (24 mo old) Sprague-Dawley male rats (n = 10/group). The mdc from young growing rats started to proliferate earlier compared with adult and old animals. Cell cycle duration was significantly reduced with aging from 36.5 +/- 3.2 to 28.0 +/- 2.2 h. However, the proportion of noncycling (G0 phase) and cycling (G1 + S + G2 + M phases) cultured mdc was statistically unchanged among the three age groups. Significantly lower increase in c-met and proliferating cell nuclear antigen expression were observed in cultured mdc of old rats upon serum stimulation. Major changes in the expression of citrate synthase, lactate dehydrogenase, proteasome, caspase 3, plasminogen activators (PAs), and matrix metalloproteinase 2-9 (MMP2-9) were observed upon serum stimulation, but no age-related difference was noted. However, when measured on crushed muscle extracts, PAs and MMP2-9 enzyme activities were significantly decreased with aging. Our results show that cellular and biochemical events associated with the control of mdc activation and proliferation occur with aging. These alterations may participate in the accumulation of repeated episodes of incomplete repair and regeneration throughout the life span, thus contributing to the loss of skeletal muscle mass and function with aging.

PMID:
14555672
DOI:
10.1152/japplphysiol.00437.2003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center