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Steroids. 1992 Sep;57(9):453-9.

Studies on anabolic steroids. 10. Synthesis and identification of acidic urinary metabolites of oxymetholone in a human.

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Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, INRS Santé, Université du Québec, Pointe-Claire, Canada.


Two major unconjugated acidic metabolites of oxymetholone (17 beta-hydroxy-2-hydroxymethylene-17 alpha-methyl-5 alpha-androstan-3-one, 1), namely, 17 beta-hydroxy-17 alpha-methyl-2,3-seco-5 alpha-androstane-2,3-dioic acid (2) and 3 alpha,17 beta-dihydroxy-17 alpha-methyl-5 alpha-androstane-2 beta-carboxylic acid (6a), were detected by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry in urine samples collected after oral administration of 1 to a human volunteer. Reference steroid 2 was synthesized and identified. The identification of urinary metabolite 6a was based on the synthesis of its stereoisomers and the isomerization of the methyl ester 6b to its 2-epimer, 3 alpha,17 beta-dihydroxy-17 alpha-methyl-5 alpha-androstane-2 alpha-carboxylic acid methyl ester (9b). The mechanisms accounting for the formation of these acidic metabolites are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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