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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2003 Sep 26;226(2):291-8.

Identification of rpoE and nadB as host responsive elements of Yersinia enterocolitica.

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Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.


We describe the identification of the Yersinia enterocolitica rpoE gene, which encodes the alternative sigma factor sigmaE, and the divergently transcribed nadB gene, as genes that are expressed during infection of mice. As in Escherichia coli, rpoE of Y. enterocolitica is essential for growth and its expression is autoregulated. Despite the similarities of the rpoE operons of Y. enterocolitica and E. coli, there are considerable differences in the response to extracytoplasmic stress. Unlike in E. coli, sigmaE of Y. enterocolitica is not induced by heat shock or ethanol. Overproduction of the outer membrane protein Ail does not lead to the induction of rpoE expression. However, rpoE expression is induced by osmotic stress.

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