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Cardiovasc Res. 2003 Oct 1;59(4):901-11.

Delayed preconditioning in cardiac myocytes with respect to development of a proinflammatory phenotype: role of SOD and NOS.

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Vascular Cell Biology Laboratory, Lawson Health Research Institute, 375 South Street, NR Rm C210, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 4G5.



Both superoxide dismutase (SOD) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) have been implicated in delayed preconditioning (DP) to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in the heart. We used isolated cardiac myocytes to test the hypothesis that SOD and NOS may interact in the development of DP.


Mouse neonatal cardiac myocytes were challenged with anoxia/reoxygenation (A/R; an in vitro counterpart to I/R) and normoxia/normoxia (N/N) served as the control. Two indices of inflammation were measured: oxidant stress (DHR oxidation) and polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) transendothelial migration (cell culture inserts). The role of SOD was assessed using an antisense approach and the role of NOS was assessed using iNOS and eNOS deficient myocytes.


Cardiac myocytes exposed to A/R (1) produced more oxidants (intracellular fluorescence emission from 2.0 +/- 0.1 for N/N to 3.0 +/- 0.3 for A/R; P<0.05) and (2) promoted PMN migration (% migration from 8.4 +/- 0.9 for N/N to 14.1 +/- 1.1 for A/R; P<0.05). DP occurred if the myocytes were pretreated with an A/R challenge 24 h earlier. That is, these A/R-induced responses were significantly reduced (fluorescence emission 1.9 +/- 0.1 and % migration 8.4 +/- 0.7; P<0.05 as compared to A/R with no pretreatment). Myocyte Mn-SOD, but not Cu/Zn-SOD, activity increased 24 h after the initial A/R challenge. A Mn-SOD antisense oligonucleotide prevented the development of DP. DP occurred in iNOS, but not eNOS, deficient myocytes. A/R increased mRNA for eNOS, but not iNOS, in wild-type myocytes. A/R increased Mn-SOD protein in both iNOS and eNOS deficient myocytes. However, Mn-SOD activity increased only in iNOS deficient myocytes.


Collectively, these findings suggest that Mn-SOD and eNOS may act in concert in the development of DP in cardiac myocytes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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