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Mol Biol Cell. 2003 Nov;14(11):4342-51. Epub 2003 Jul 25.

Interaction with Tap42 is required for the essential function of Sit4 and type 2A phosphatases.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA.


In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Pph21 and Pph22 are the two catalytic subunits of type 2A phosphatase (PP2Ac), and Sit4 is a major form of 2A-like phosphatase. The function of these phosphatases requires their association with different regulatory subunits. In addition to the conventional regulatory subunits, namely, the A and B subunits for Pph21/22 and the Sap proteins for Sit4, these phosphatases have been found to associate with a protein termed Tap42. In this study, we demonstrated that Sit4 and PP2Ac interact with Tap42 via an N-terminal domain that is conserved in all type 2A and 2A-like phosphatases. We found that the Sit4 phosphatase in the sit4-102 strain contains a reverse-of-charge amino acid substitution within its Tap42 binding domain and is defective for formation of the Tap42-Sit4 complex. Our results suggest that the interaction with Tap42 is required for the activity as well as for the essential function of Sit4 and PP2Ac. In addition, we showed that Tap42 is able to interact with two other 2A-like phosphatases, Pph3 and Ppg1.

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