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Protein Expr Purif. 2003 Oct;31(2):250-9.

High-yield expression in Escherichia coli, purification, and characterization of properly folded major peanut allergen Ara h 2.

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Lehrstuhl Biopolymere, Universität Bayreuth 30, Universitaetsstrasse 30, 95440, Bayreuth, Germany


Allergic reactions to peanuts are a serious health problem because of their high prevalence, associated with potential severity, and chronicity. One of the three major allergens in peanut, Ara h 2, is a member of the conglutin family of seed storage proteins. Ara h 2 shows high sequence homology to proteins of the 2S albumin family. Presently, only very few structural data from allergenic proteins of this family exist. For a detailed understanding of the molecular mechanisms of food-induced allergies and for the development of therapeutic strategies knowledge of the high-resolution three-dimensional structure of allergenic proteins is essential. We report a method for the efficient large-scale preparation of properly folded Ara h 2 for structural studies and report CD-spectroscopic data. In contrast to other allergenic 2S albumins, Ara h 2 exists as a single continuous polypeptide chain in peanut seeds, and thus heterologous expression in Escherichia coli was possible. Ara h 2 was expressed as Trx-His-tag fusion protein in E. coli Origami (DE3), a modified E. coli strain with oxidizing cytoplasm which allows the formation of disulfide bridges. It could be shown that recombinant Ara h 2, thus overexpressed and purified, and the allergen isolated from peanuts are identical as judged from immunoblotting, analytical HPLC, and circular dichroism spectra.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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