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Parasitol Int. 2003 Sep;52(3):209-18.

Effects of condensed tannins and crude sesquiterpene lactones extracted from chicory on the motility of larvae of deer lungworm and gastrointestinal nematodes.

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AgResearch Limited, Grasslands Research Centre, Palmerston North, New Zealand.


The objective of this study was to determine the effects of condensed tannins (CT) and an extract containing crude sesquiterpene lactones (CSL) from chicory (Cichorium intybus) on the motility of the first-(L1) and third-stage (L3) larvae of deer lungworm Dictyocaulus viviparus and the L3 larvae of gastrointestinal nematodes in vitro, using the larval migration inhibition (LMI) assay. The CT and CSL had a profound effect on the motility of the larvae displayed by their ability to inhibit larval passage through nylon mesh sieves. Incubation of lungworm L1 larvae in rumen fluid (collected from deer fed pasture) containing 100, 400 and 1000 microg CT/ml, inhibited 12, 28 and 41% of the larvae from passing through the sieves, respectively, while the incubation of L3 larvae with rumen fluid (pH 6.6) containing the same concentrations inhibited 26, 37 and 67% of L3 larvae from passing through the sieves, respectively. Gastrointestinal larvae seem more susceptible to CT than lungworm larvae especially at higher concentrations. CT inhibited 27, 56 and 73% of gastrointestinal larvae from passing through the sieves when used at a concentration of 100, 400 and 1000 microg/ml, respectively. CT were more effective (P<0.001) at reducing the motility of lungworm L1 and L3 larvae when added to the rumen fluid than when added to the abomasal fluid (pH 3.0). Addition of 2 microg polyethylene glycol/microg CT eliminated the inhibitory effect of CT against L1 and L3 larvae especially during incubation in rumen fluid, confirming the effect as due to CT. The CSL extract also showed similar inhibitory activity against L1 and L3 lungworm and L3 gastrointestinal larvae in both fluids, indicating that this extract was not affected by the pH of the fluid, and was more effective against L3 than L1 lungworm larvae. Condensed tannins appeared to be more effective than CSL at inactivating L1 and L3 lungworm and L3 gastrointestinal larvae in rumen fluid, but CSL were particularly effective against L3 lungworm larvae in abomasal fluid. Activity of these secondary compounds explains the reduced parasite problem of young deer grazing chicory.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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