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Parasitology. 1992 Oct;105 ( Pt 2):297-308.

Biosynthesis and glycosylation of serine/threonine-rich secreted proteins from Toxocara canis larvae.

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Department of Biology, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London.


Toxocara canis infective stage larvae continually produce excretory-secretory (TES) glycoproteins in long-term in vitro culture. The kinetics of synthesis and secretion were studied by metabolic labelling with radioactive [35S]methionine, [14C]serine and [14C]threonine. Maximal incorporation rates required overnight pre-incubation of parasites in medium depleted of the appropriate amino acid. Larvae rapidly incorporated isotope into their somatic tissues, but there was a minimum delay of 10 h before secretion of labelled antigens. Labelling with [14C]serine and [14C]threonine demonstrated a relative abundance of these amino acids in the major surface/secreted glycoproteins of this nematode (TES-32 and 120). Pulse-chase experiments suggested that TES-120 may be derived from a 58 kDa precursor, reflecting extensive posttranslational glycosylation. Inhibition of N-glycosylation with tunicamycin and digestion with N-glycanase provided evidence of N-glycosylation in the lower molecular weight ES components (TES-32, 55 and 70). These agents had no effect on the higher molecular weight components (TES-120 and 400) implying that for these molecules glycosylation is predominantly O-linked. The largest ES component (TES-400) was unusual, in incorporating serine and threonine but not methionine, and by exhibiting increased apparent molecular weight following pronase digestion; it is suggested that this molecule is a proteoglycan.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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