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Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2003 Oct 15;18(8):791-7.

Second-line treatment for failure to eradicate Helicobacter pylori: a randomized trial comparing four treatment strategies.

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Service des Maladies de l' Appareil Digestif, Hôpital St André, Bordeaux, France.



To compare the efficacy of different regimens in patients in whom previous Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy has failed.


In this study named StratHegy patients (n=287) were randomized to receive one of three empirical triple therapy regimens or a strategy based on antibiotic susceptibility. The empirical regimens were omeprazole, 20 mg b.d., plus amoxicillin, 1000 mg b.d., and clarithromycin, 500 mg b.d., for 7 days (OAC7), clarithromycin, 500 mg b.d., for 14 days (OAC14) or metronidazole, 500 mg b.d., for 14 days (OAM14). In the susceptibility-based strategy, patients with clarithromycin-susceptible strains received OAC14, whilst the others received OAM14. The 13C-urea breath test was performed before randomization and 4-5 weeks after eradication therapy.


In the intention-to-treat analysis, the eradication rates for empirical therapies were as follows: OAC7, 47.4% (27/57); OAC14, 34.5% (20/58); OAM14, 63.2% (36/57); it was 74.3% (84/113) for the susceptibility-based treatment (P<0.01 when compared with OAC7 and OAC14). In patients receiving clarithromycin, the eradication rates were 80% for clarithromycin-susceptible strains and 16% for clarithromycin-resistant strains; in patients receiving OAM14, the eradication rates were 81% for metronidazole-susceptible strains and 59% for metronidazole-resistant strains.


Eradication rates of approximately 75% can be achieved with second-line triple therapy based on antibiotic susceptibility testing. If susceptibility testing is not available, OAM14 is an appropriate alternative.

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