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Physiol Res. 2003;52(5):593-8.

Dynamics of cytokine production in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated by LPS or infected by Borrelia.

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Department of Animal Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of South Bohemia, Branisovská 31, 370 05 Ceské Budĕjovice, Czech Republic.


To specify the role of individual cytokines in the immune response to pyrogens, isolated and cultivated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were used for the experiments. Different pyrogens (lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli - LPS and live Borrelia afzelii) were applied and the time course of changes in concentrations of different cytokines in the medium was followed using the ELISA method. It was found that nonstimulated human PBMC proliferate under in vitro conditions and produce IL-6, TNF-alpha, IL-10 and finally also IL-1beta. Productions of IL-12 and INF-gamma are not changed. Proliferation of PBMC is potentiated after incubation with LPS or live Borrelia. PBMC stimulated by LPS increase the net production (stimulated minus unstimulated) of IL-1beta and TNF-alpha significantly, while production of IL-6 was smaller. A delayed increase in the production of IL-10 was also observed. Productions of IL-12 and INF-gamma were not influenced. In contrast to LPS, stimulation of PBMC with live Borrelia, increases also the production of IL-12 and IFN-gamma, besides IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IL-10. Productions of IL-1beta, IL-6 and TNFalpha increased immediately after incubation with both LPS and Borrelia, while productions of IL-12 and INF-gamma begin to increase 8 hours and production of IL-10 12 hours after stimulation. Data indicate that stimulation with different pyrogens may activate the cells of the immune cascade in a different way. Stimulation of BPMC by LPS seems to activate the initial steps of the immune response (macrophages and granulocytes) only, while infection with live Borrelia also stimulates the later phase of the immune response, probably due to effect of initially produced cytokines.

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