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Mov Disord. 2003 Oct;18(10):1139-45.

Direct economic impact of Parkinson's disease: a research survey in the United Kingdom.

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  • 1Oldchurch Hospital, Romford, United Kingdom.


The direct costs of care were evaluated prospectively in a sample of people with Parkinson's disease (PD) in the United Kingdom in 1998. The subjects were drawn from a random sample of general practitioner practices within a representative sample of 36 Regional Health Authorities and the equivalent. A total of 444 resource use questionnaires with usable data were returned (response rate, 59%). The total mean annual cost of care per patient for all patients by age was 5,993 pounds (9,554 euro, n = 432). Hoehn and Yahr stage significantly (P < 0.001) influenced expenditure by stage as follows: 0 and I, 2,971 pounds (4,736 euro, n = 110); II, pound 3,065 (4,886 euro, n = 89); III, 6,183 pounds (9,857 euro, n = 120); IV, 10,134 pounds (euro;16,155, n = 87); V, 18,358 pounds (29,265 euro, n = 17). National Health Service costs accounted for approximately 38% and social services for 34% of the direct costs of care. Drug expenditure accounted for 24% of overall costs in the <65 years age group and 10% in patients aged >85 years. A move from home to residential care was associated with an approximately 500% cost increase. In conclusion, PD imposes significant direct costs on public services and on individuals. These costs should be taken into account when allocating public funds.

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