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Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2003 Sep 20;147(38):1838-41.

[Research into new methods for diagnosing, treating and preventing tuberculosis].

[Article in Dutch]

Author information

1
Academisch Medisch Centrum/Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam. borgdorffm@kncvtbc.nl

Abstract

Tuberculosis control requires improved diagnostics, drugs, and vaccines. Their development is facilitated by progress in immunology, molecular biology, and genomics. In addition to sputum smear and culture, amplification techniques can already be used to diagnose tuberculosis and antigen-detection tests for this purpose are being developed. Molecular typing and DNA microarrays provide new insights in the natural history and transmission of tuberculosis. In addition to established drugs such as rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol, a limited number of new drugs have been discovered such as rifampicin derivates and fluorochinolones. Improved screening techniques and insights from genomics may lead to new drugs being discovered. Factors hampering the development and evaluation of new vaccines include problems with extrapolation from animal models, incomplete natural immunity, and limited knowledge about protective immunity. However, new candidate vaccines are being developed and will be tested on humans in the near future.

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PMID:
14533494
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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