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Hum Mol Genet. 2003 Dec 1;12(23):3087-96. Epub 2003 Oct 7.

Fragile X Mental Retardation protein determinants required for its association with polyribosomal mRNPs.

Author information

1
Unité de Recherche en Génétique Humaine et Moléculaire, Centre de Recherche Hôpital St-François d'Assise, Le CHUQ, Québec, Qc G1L 3L5, Canada.

Abstract

Fragile X Mental Retardation protein (FMRP) is an RNA-binding protein that contains multiple domains with apparently differential affinity to mRNA and to the ribonucleotide homopolymer poly(G). Attempts have been made to map the RNA-binding sites along the protein sequence with a view to determining which of the KH1, KH2 and RGG domains are required to recognize and bind to RNA. While these studies have greatly contributed to the delineation of domains that bind homopolymers or mRNA in vitro, little is known concerning their implications in FMRP function(s) in vivo. To address this question, we have prepared a series of FMRP versions, in which each known in vitro functional domain has been individually deleted, leaving the rest of the protein intact. Constructs with deletions in the protein-protein interaction and RNA-binding as well as in the phosphorylation domains were expressed in STEK-KO cells lacking FMRP and their recruitment into polyribosomal mRNPs and their intra-cellular localization were determined. Our results indicate that the KH RNA-binding domains and the Protein-Protein Interacting domain are essential for FMRP to associate with polyribosomal mRNPs, while the RGG box and the phosphorylated domains are dispensable.

PMID:
14532325
DOI:
10.1093/hmg/ddg335
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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