Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Am Coll Cardiol. 1992 Dec;20(7):1594-8.

Left ventricular shape is the primary determinant of functional mitral regurgitation in heart failure.

Author information

Henry Ford Heart and Vascular Institute, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Detroit, Michigan.



The aim of this study was to examine the temporal association between the onset of functional mitral regurgitation and the development of changes in left ventricular shape, chamber enlargement, mitral anulus dilation and regional wall motion abnormalities during the course of evolving heart failure.


Despite extensive characterization, the exact etiology of functional mitral regurgitation in patients with chronic heart failure remains unknown.


Heart failure was produced in seven dogs by multiple sequential intracoronary microembolizations. Serial changes in left ventricular chamber volume and shape were evaluated from ventriculograms. Changes in mitral anulus diameter and ventricular regional wall motion abnormalities were evaluated echocardiographically. The presence and severity of mitral regurgitation were determined with Doppler color flow mapping. Measurements were obtained at baseline and then biweekly until mitral regurgitation was first observed.


No dog had mitral regurgitation at baseline but all developed mild to moderate regurgitation 12 +/- 1 weeks after the first embolization. The onset of mitral regurgitation was not associated with an increase in left ventricular end-diastolic volume relative to baseline (58 +/- 3 vs. 62 +/- 3 ml), mitral anulus diameter (2.4 +/- 0.1 vs. 2.4 +/- 0.1 cm) or wall motion abnormalities of left ventricular wall segments overlying the papillary muscles. In contrast, the onset of mitral regurgitation was accompanied by significant changes in global left ventricular shape evidenced by increased end-systolic chamber sphericity index (0.22 +/- 0.02 vs. 0.30 +/- 0.01) (p < 0.01) and decreased end-systolic major axis/minor axis ratio (1.71 +/- 0.05 vs. 1.43 +/- 0.04) (p < 0.001).


These data indicate that transformation of left ventricular shape (increased chamber sphericity) is the most likely substrate for the development of functional mitral regurgitation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center