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Biochem J. 2004 Jan 15;377(Pt 2):517-24.

Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B participates in the down-regulation of erythropoietin receptor signalling.

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Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel.


Erythropoietin (EPO) is the principal hormone regulating the proliferation of erythroid precursors and their differentiation into erythrocytes. Binding of ligand to the cell-surface EPO-R (EPO receptor) induces dimerization and JAK2 (Janus kinase 2)-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation of the receptor. Less than 1% of the EPO-Rs are displayed on the cell surface; most of the receptor molecules are retained in intracellular compartments, including the ER (endoplasmic reticulum). Using pervanadate (PV) as a potent tool to inhibit cellular PTPs (protein tyrosine phosphatases), we demonstrated previously the accumulation of mature (endoglycosidase H-resistant) tyrosine-phosphorylated EPO-R [Cohen, Altaratz, Zick, Klingmuller and Neumann (1997) Biochem. J. 327, 391-397]. In the present study, we investigated the participation of the ER-associated PTP1B in the dephosphorylation of intracellular EPO-R. We demonstrate tyrosine phosphorylation of EPO-R in BOSC-23T cells co-expressing EPO-R and the 'substrate-trapping' mutant form of PTP1B, PTP1B D181A (referred to as PTP1BD). In vivo interaction between EPO-R and PTP1B suggested that PTP1B dephosphorylates the EPO-R intracellularly. Endoglycosidase H resistance of tyrosine-phosphorylated EPO-R in cells expressing PTP1BD suggested that mature EPO-R is dephosphorylated by PTP1B. Stimulation with EPO of cells co-expressing EPO-R and either PTP1BD or PTP1B resulted in an increase or decrease respectively in phosphotyrosine EPO-R. We thus suggest that PTP1B dephosphorylates EPO-stimulated EPO-R and participates in the down-regulation cascade of EPO-mediated signal transduction.

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