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J Virol Methods. 1992 Nov;40(2):163-73.

Differential diagnosis of HTLV-I and HTLV-II infections by restriction enzyme analysis of 'nested' PCR products.

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Department of Medical Microbiology, University College and Middlesex School of Medicine, London, UK.


A 'nested' polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay is described which is capable of detecting single copies of human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV) in genomic DNA extracted from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). A single set of 'nested' oligonucleotide primers, based on the highly conserved tax/rex region of the viral genome, was able to detect both HTLV-I and HTLV-II proviral sequences in clinical samples of diverse geographical origins, from the United States, Great Britain, Japan, the Caribbean, Italy, Greece, Iraq and West Africa. Rapid discrimination between HTLV-I and HTLV-II infections was achieved by restriction enzyme analysis of unpurified second-round PCR products, even in those cases in which serological assays had failed to provide a definitive result. Over a 2-year period, a total of 53 HTLV infections (37 HTLV-I and 16 HTLV-II) were identified by this technique and complete concordance with serological typing, available in 41 cases, was observed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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