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J Biol Chem. 2003 Dec 19;278(51):51044-52. Epub 2003 Oct 2.

Mechanism and molecular determinant for regulation of rabbit transient receptor potential type 5 (TRPV5) channel by extracellular pH.

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Center for Mineral Metabolism and Clinical Research and Department of Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, 75390-8856, USA.


The transient receptor potential type 5 (TRPV5) channel is present in kidney and intestine and important for transepithelial (re)absorption of calcium in these tissues. We report that in whole-cell patch clamp recording extracellular acidification inhibited rabbit TRPV5 with apparent pKa approximately 6.55. The two extracellular loops between the fifth and sixth transmembrane segments of TRPV5 presumably form part of the outer opening of the pore and likely are important in binding and regulation by external protons. We found that mutation of glutamate 522 to glutamine (E522Q) decreased the sensitivity of the channel to extracellular acidification. Mutations of other titratable amino acids within the two extracellular loops to non-titratable amino acids had no effect on pH sensitivity. Substitutions of aspartate or other titratable amino acids for glutamate 522 conferred an increase in pH sensitivity. The pH sensitivity mediated by glutamate 522 was independent of extracellular or intracellular Mg2+. Single channel analysis revealed that extracellular acidification reduced single channel conductance as well as open probability of the wild type channel. In contrast to wild type channel, extracellular acidification did not reduce open probability for E522Q mutant. Methanethiosulfonate reagents inhibited the activity of glutamine 522 to cysteine mutant channel with a reaction rate constant approaching that with free thiols in solution, suggesting that glutamate 522 is located on the surface of the channel. These data suggest that glutamate 522 of the rabbit TRPV5 is a "pH sensor," and extracellular protons inhibit TRPV5 likely by altering conformation of the channel protein.

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