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J Burn Care Rehabil. 1992 Sep-Oct;13(5):576-80.

A distraction technique for control of burn pain.

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University of Cincinnati, Ohio.


Research has indicated that analgesics alone do not adequately relieve pain for 75% of patients with burns. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a distraction therapy, in which videos were used in combination with administration of analgesics, on intensity and quality of pain and on levels of anxiety in adults during burn dressing changes. The sample consisted of 17 patients who were randomly assigned to the treatment or the control group. The treatment group viewed video programs that were composed of scenic beauty accompanied by music. Each was asked to score his or her present pain intensity and pain rating index with the McGill questionnaire and anxiety with the Spielberger questionnaire before and after the dressing change. A nested general linear model using the "F" test in multiple regression analysis was adjusted for age, percent partial-thickness burn, and choice of topical agent demonstrated that the use of videos during the dressing changes significantly reduced pain and anxiety: present pain intensity (F = 8.69; p = 0.01), pain rating index (F = 5.57; p = 0.03), anxiety (F = 9.10; p = 0.01). It is recommended that the use of pain medication be augmented by use of videos during burn dressing changes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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