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Biotechnol Prog. 2003 Sep-Oct;19(5):1574-82.

Effects of three-dimensional culturing on osteosarcoma cells grown in a fibrous matrix: analyses of cell morphology, cell cycle, and apoptosis.

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Department of Chemical Engineering, The Ohio State University, 140 West 19th Avenue, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA.


Osteosarcoma cells were cultured in stirred tank bioreactors with either a fibrous matrix or nonporous microcarriers to study the environmental effects on cell growth, morphology, cell cycle, and apoptosis. Cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed using flow cytometry and visualized using confocal laser scanning microscopy and fluorescence microscopy. The three-dimensional (3-D) fibrous culture had better cell growth and higher metabolic rates than the two-dimensional (2-D) microcarrier culture because cells in the fibrous matrix were protected from shear stress and had lower apoptosis and cell death even under suboptimal conditions (e.g., nutrient depletion). The polyester fibrous matrix used in this study also exhibited the capability of selectively retaining viable and nonapoptotic cells and disposing apoptotic and nonviable cells. Consequently, very few apoptotic cells were found in the fibrous matrix even in the long-term (1 month) T-flask culture. In the continuous culture with packed fibrous matrixes for cell support, most cells were arrested in the G1/G0 phase after 4 days. Decreasing the dissolved oxygen level from 60 to 10% air saturation did not significantly change cell cycle and apoptosis, which remained low at approximately 15%. These results could explain why the fibrous bed bioreactor had good long-term stability and was advantageous for production of non-growth-associated proteins by animal cell cultures.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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