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Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Oct 15;37(8):1044-9. Epub 2003 Sep 18.

West Nile encephalitis in 2 hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients: case series and literature review.

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Department of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.


Most human cases of West Nile virus infection are acquired via bites from an infected mosquito. In some cases, infection may also be transmitted by infected blood products or transplanted organs. There have been recent publications suggesting that chemotherapy and immunosuppression may increase a person's risks of developing central nervous system disease if the person is infected with the West Nile virus. Because patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation not only are immunocompromised, but also receive multiple blood products, they are at a particularly high risk for acquiring symptomatic disease if exposed to the West Nile Virus. We describe here 2 patients who underwent hematopoietic transplantation at our institution and subsequently developed fatal West Nile virus infections.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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