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Top Stroke Rehabil. 2001 Spring;8(1):1-12.

Upper-limb discoordination in hemiparetic stroke: implications for neurorehabilitation.

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Sensory-Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois, USA.


Clinically, upper-limb discoordination after stroke is evident in the form of stereotypic movement patterns that reflect a loss of independent joint control. These movement abnormalities, in conjunction with our recent quantitative findings under isometric conditions, provide evidence for an impaired capacity to generate certain muscle coactivation patterns in the impaired limb. In this article, we examine the parallels that exist between coordination disturbances observed under isometric and movement conditions. Our results suggest that discoordination in stroke may largely represent a manifestation of additional neural constraints on motor outflow. The neurotherapeutic implications of our findings are discussed.

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