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Theor Appl Genet. 2004 Feb;108(3):477-84. Epub 2003 Oct 2.

Dissection of quantitative and durable leaf rust resistance in Swiss winter wheat reveals a major resistance QTL in the Lr34 chromosomal region.

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Institute of Plant Biology, University of Zürich, Zollikerstrasse 107, 8008, Zürich, Switzerland.


The Swiss winter bread wheat cv. 'Forno' has a highly effective, durable and quantitative leaf rust ( Puccinia triticina Eriks.) resistance which is associated with leaf tip necrosis (LTN). We studied 240 single seed descent lines of an 'ArinaxForno' F(5:7 )population to identify and map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for leaf rust resistance and LTN. Percentage of infected leaf area (%) and the response to infection (RI) were evaluated in seven field trials and were transformed to the area under the disease progress curves (AUDPC). Using composite interval mapping and LOD >4.4, we identified eight chromosomal regions specifically associated with resistance. The largest and most consistent leaf rust resistance locus was identified on the short arm of chromosome 7D (32.6% of variance explained for AUDPC_% and 42.6% for AUDPC_RI) together with the major QTL for LTN ( R(2)=55.6%) in the same chromosomal region as Lr34 ( Xgwm295). A second major leaf rust resistance QTL ( R(2)=28% and 31.5%, respectively) was located on chromosome arm 1BS close to Xgwm604 and was not associated with LTN. Additional minor QTLs for LTN (2DL, 3DL, 4BS and 5AL) and leaf rust resistance were identified. These latter QTLs might correspond to the leaf rust resistance genes Lr2 or Lr22 (2DS) and Lr14a (7BL).

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