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J Biol Chem. 2003 Dec 12;278(50):50053-60. Epub 2003 Sep 30.

Dominant negative Rab3D mutants reduce GTP-bound endogenous Rab3D in pancreatic acini.

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Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA.


Two dominant negative mutants of Rab3D, N135I and T36N were recently reported to inhibit the early phase of regulated amylase secretion from mouse pancreatic acini (Chen, X., Edwards, J. A., Logsdon, C. D., Ernst, S. A., and Williams, J. A. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 18002-18009). Immunocytochemical studies showed that while the wild-type Rab3D localized to zymogen granules, the two dominant negative mutants did not localize to granules and were primarily in the basolateral regions of the cell. The present study, therefore, evaluated the potential mechanisms by which the dominant negative mutants might act. An affinity precipitation assay based on the property of the Rab3 effector Rim1 to interact only with GTP-bound Rab3D was developed. 78.9 +/- 4.5% of total endogenous Rab3D was found in the GTP-bound form. Overexpression of HA-tagged Rab3D, and its Q81L, N135I, and T36N mutants had no effect on the total amount of endogenous Rab3D. However, the dominant negative mutants, T36N and N135I, reduced GTP-bound endogenous Rab3D by 70.0 +/- 3.5% and 72.7 +/- 1.2%, respectively, while the wild-type Rab3D and Q81L mutant had no effect. Triton X-114 phase separation and cell fractionation studies showed that dominant negative Rab3D mutants did not alter isoprenylation or membrane association of endogenous Rab3D. The dominant negative Rab3D did not affect the amount of endogenous Rab3D on purified zymogen granules as assessed by either Western blotting or immunocytochemistry, but reduced the GTP-bound form by 78.6 +/- 3.3%. The two dominant negative Rab3D mutants, therefore, interfere with endogenous Rab3D function by blocking the GDP/GTP exchange but not zymogen granule targeting of endogenous Rab3D.

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