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FASEB J. 2003 Oct;17(13):1901-3. Epub 2003 Aug 1.

Hypothalamic vasopressin release and hepatocyte Ca2+ signaling during liver regeneration: an interplay stimulating liver growth and bile flow.

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1
Unité de Recherche U.442, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Université Paris Sud, bât. 443, 91405 Orsay, France.

Abstract

Liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy is a plastic process during which the mechanisms that coordinate liver mass restoration compensate one another through a complex regulatory network of cytokines, growth factors, and hormones. Vasopressin, an agonist that triggers highly organized Ca2+ signals in the liver, may be one of these factors, although little in vivo evidence is available in support of this hypothesis. We provide evidence that hypothalamic vasopressin secretion is stimulated early after partial hepatectomy. Although hepatocytes were fully responsive to vasopressin during the first hours of regeneration, they became desensitized and exhibited slow oscillating Ca2+ responses to vasopressin on the following days. On the first day, hepatocyte V1a receptor density decreased and its lobular gradient increased in hepatectomized rats. By antagonizing the V1a receptor in vivo, we demonstrated that vasopressin contributes to NF-kappaB and cyclin (D1 and A) activation, to hepatocyte progression in the cell cycle, and to liver mass restoration. Finally, vasopressin exerted a choleretic effect shortly after hepatectomy, both in the isolated perfused liver and in the intact rat. In conclusion, we provide compelling in vivo evidence that vasopressin contributes significantly to growth initiation and bile flow stimulation in the early stages of liver regeneration.

PMID:
14519667
DOI:
10.1096/fj.03-0082fje
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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