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Brain Res. 2003 Oct 24;988(1-2):20-8.

Group III secreted phospholipase A2 causes apoptosis in rat primary cortical neuronal cultures.

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1
LSU Health Sciences Center, Neuroscience Center, 2020 Gravier Street, Suite D, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA. mdecos@lsuhsc.edu

Abstract

Secreted phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)) has been shown to cause both necrotic and apoptotic neuronal injury in the central nervous system. The acute effects of group III sPLA(2) (sPLA(2)-III) include an ability to potentiate glutamate-induced necrosis and calcium influx in primary rat neuronal cultures. Thus, a brief exposure to glutamate and sPLA(2)-III results in an immediate potentiated calcium influx and a potentiated necrosis the following day after treatment, compared to addition of either agonist alone. In contrast to these acute effects, sPLA(2) from both groups IB and IIA have been shown to induce neuronal cell death via apoptosis. Here, we offer the first evidence that group III sPLA(2) potently causes extensive neuronal apoptosis in rat cortical cultures, as evidenced by DNA fragmentation. Distinct from this effect, even high concentrations of glutamate did not cause neuronal damage under the same conditions, and there was no evidence of sPLA(2) damage to cortical astrocytes.

PMID:
14519523
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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