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Eur J Biochem. 2003 Oct;270(20):4173-86.

A truncated form of DNA topoisomerase IIbeta associates with the mtDNA genome in mammalian mitochondria.

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Department of Pathology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA.


Despite the likely requirement for a DNA topoisomerase II activity during synthesis of mitochondrial DNA in mammals, this activity has been very difficult to identify convincingly. The only DNA topoisomerase II activity conclusively demonstrated to be mitochondrial in origin is that of a type II activity found associated with the mitochondrial, kinetoplast DNA network in trypanosomatid protozoa [Melendy, T., Sheline, C., and Ray, D.S. (1988) Cell 55, 1083-1088; Shapiro, T.A., Klein, V.A., and Englund, P.A. (1989) J. Biol. Chem.264, 4173-4178]. In the present study, we report the discovery of a type DNA topoisomerase II activity in bovine mitochondria. Identified among mtDNA replicative proteins recovered from complexes of mtDNA and protein, the DNA topoisomerase relaxes a negatively, supercoiled DNA template in vitro, in a reaction that requires Mg2+ and ATP. The relaxation activity is inhibited by etoposide and other inhibitors of eucaryotic type II enzymes. The DNA topoisomerase II copurifies with mitochondria and directly associates with mtDNA, as indicated by sensitivity of some mtDNA circles in the isolated complex of mtDNA and protein to cleavage by etoposide. The purified activity can be assigned to a approximately 150-kDa protein, which is recognized by a polyclonal antibody made against the trypanosomal mitochondrial topo II enzyme. Mass spectrometry performed on peptides prepared from the approximately 150-kDa protein demonstrate that this bovine mitochondrial activity is a truncated version of DNA topoisomerase IIbeta, one of two DNA topoisomerase II activities known to exist in mammalian nuclei.

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