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Thromb Haemost. 2003 Oct;90(4):734-7.

Venous thromboembolism among patients with advanced lung cancer randomized to prinomastat or placebo, plus chemotherapy.

Author information

1
Clinical Safety and Epidemiology, Pfizer Global Reserach and Development-La Jolla, San Diego, CA, USA. carolynbehrendt@yahoo.com

Abstract

Two clinical trials have suggested that the combination of vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor with chemotherapy is associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE). This retrospective cohort study investigates whether a similar association exists when matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor (prinomastat) is combined with chemotherapy. Patients (n=1,023) with stage IIIB, IV, or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were followed during 2 randomized, double-blind trials of prinomastat versus placebo orally bid, plus gemcitabine/cisplatin (GC) or paclitaxel/carboplatin (PC). VTE included deep venous thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE) confirmed by imaging or autopsy. Risks identified in univariate analysis (incidence densities compared by t test) were confirmed in multivariate analysis (proportional hazards model). During 7,500.3 patient-months, 58 VTE (31 PE, 27 isolated DVT) were confirmed in 54 patients. On univariate analysis, VTE was associated with central venous catheter placed within 3 months, 15 mg prinomastat plus GC, and to a lesser extent, 15 mg prinomastat plus PC, baseline performance status, and histologic type. VTE incidence was not increased by 15 mg prinomastat alone (post-discontinuation of chemotherapy), by chemotherapy plus placebo, or by 5 or 10 mg prinomastat plus chemotherapy. On multivariate analysis,VTE hazards (95% confidence interval) were 5.69 (2.61, 12.40) with recently placed central catheter, 2.78 (1.42, 5.43) with 15 mg prinomastat plus GC, and 2.06 (0.98, 4.31) with 15 mg prinomastat plus PC; performance status and histology were nonsignificant. We can conclude that combined treatment with 15 mg prinomastat plus chemotherapy approximately doubles the hazard of VTE among patients with advanced NSCLC.

PMID:
14515196
DOI:
10.1160/TH03-01-0041
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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