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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Oct 10;310(1):228-35.

Decreased mAKAP, ryanodine receptor, and SERCA2a gene expression in mdx hearts.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki, Chuo, Kobe 6500017, Japan.


Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a common genetic disease resulting from mutations in the dystrophin gene. The lack of dystrophin function as a cytoskeletal protein leads to abnormal intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis, the actual source and functional consequences of which remain obscure. The mdx mouse, a mouse model of DMD, revealed alterations in contractile properties that are likely due to defective Ca(2+) handling. However, the exact mechanisms of the Ca(2+) handling defect are unclear. We performed suppressive subtractive hybridization to isolate differentially expressed genes between 5-month-old mdx and control mice. We observed a decrease in muscle A-kinase anchoring protein (mAKAP) in the mdx hearts. We noticed not only down-regulation of mAKAP mRNA but also decreased mRNA level of the molecules involved in Ca(2+) handling and excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), the cardiac ryanodine receptor, and the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase. Therefore, dystrophin deficiency may cause an impairment of SR Ca(2+) homeostasis and E-C coupling in mdx hearts, in part, by decreased gene expression of molecules involved in SR Ca(2+) handling.

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